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Schenkungspraxis und Patronageverhältnisse im Reich der Cālukyas von Bādāmi

Pages 145 - 177



The Cālukyas of Bādāmi were one of the most powerful and important dynasties in early medieval India. Their empire comprised large parts of Central, Southern and Western India. As is the case with many other contemporary ruling families the most relevant sources which provide information about them are inscriptions engraved on copperplates or in stone walls and pillars. Mostly they record grants of land and even whole villages to brahmins, temples or jinist institutions made by the rulers themselves. Because of the wide extension of the Cālukya empire its political organization was characterized by many differences with regard to administration, revenue systems and other aspects. Therefore in their policy of making grants to religious beneficiaries the Cālukyas followed sometimes long established regional traditions. Besides, in many Cālukya inscriptions from different parts of the empire other persons or groups of persons were involved into the acts of endowment, among them members of the royal family, vassal chiefs, officials or even private persons. Thus the inscriptions throw much light on social and political relationships in the Cālukya empire. And we learn from them that giving, especially bestowing gifts on Brahmins belonged to the central moral values in early medieval India. Not least these documents indicate that in India in early medieval times a process of cultural transformation took place that included a constant exchange of ideas and information as to many aspects of life.


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