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Zum Stiftungswesen im mittelalterlichen Kaschmir. Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Buddhismus, Hinduismus und Islam

Pages 399 - 418


The present article deals with the endowment culture and patterns of desecration of sanctuaries as they prevailed in Kashmir under Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim rule with particular attention to competing circumstances in terms of religious orientations. The gist of the evidence collected from the Rājataraṇgiṇīs of Kalhaṇa, Jonarāja, Śrīvara, and Śuka will be presented here in a comprehensive manner.

Halle (Saale)

1 ADhK = (Abhidharmakośa). Abhidharmakośa & Bhāṣya of Ācarya Vasubandhu with Sphuṭārthā Commentary of Ācarya Yaśomitra. Crit. ed. by Dwārikadās Śāstri. Varanasi 1987 (Bauddha Bharati Ser. 5,6,7,9).

2 Bahāristān = (Bahāristān-i Šāhī). Bahāristān-i-Shāhī. A chronicle of Mediaeval Kashmir. K. N. Pandit [translator]. Calcutta 1991.

3 Basham, A. L. 1948: “Harṣa of Kashmir and the Iconoclast Ascetics.” In: BSOAS 12, No. 3/4, S. 688–691.

4 Deambi, Bhushan Kumar Kaul 1982: Corpus of Śāradā Inscriptions of Kashmir. Delhi.

5 Deambi, Bhushan Kumar Kaul 2008: Śāradā and Ṭākarī Alphabets. New Delhi.

6 Dejenne, N. 2015: “Une note sur les fondations civiles et religieuses dans la Rājataraṇgiṇī de Kalhaṇa.” In: BEI 33, S. 111-136 [erschienen 2016].

7 Eaton, R. 2004: Temple Desecration and Muslim States in Medieval India. New Delhi.

8 Einoo 2005 = Shingo Einoo/ Jun Takashima (eds.): From Material to Deity. Indian Rituals of Consecration. New Delhi (Japanese Studies on South Asia 4).

9 Hikita 2005 = Hiromichi Hikita: “Consecration of Divine Images in a Temple.” In: Einoo 2005, S. 143–197.

10 Hinüber, O. von 2004: Die Palola Ṣāhis. Mainz (Antiquities of Northern Pakistan. Reports and Studies 5).

11 Hinüber, O. von 2007: “Three New Bronzes from Gilgit.” In: Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka University 10, S. 39–43.

12 Hinüber, O. von 2009: “More on Gilgit Bronzes and Some Additions to ‘Die Palola Ṣāhis’.” In: Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology at Soka University 12 (2009), S. 3–6.

13 Hultzsch, E. 1915: “Kritische Bemerkungen zur Rājataraṇgiṇī.” In: ZDMG 69, S. 129–167; 271–282 [= Stein 2013, S. 195-248].

14 JRT = (Jonarāja, Rājataraṇgiṇī). Kingship in Kaśmīr (ad 1148–1459). From the Pen of Jonarāja, Court Paṇḍit to Sulṭān Zayn al-'Ābidīn. Critically edited by W. Slaje. With an annotated translation, indexes and maps. Halle 2014 (Studia Indologica Universitatis Halensis 7).

15 Lubin, T. 2015: “Writing and Recognition of Customary Law in Premodern Indian and Java.” In: JAOS 135, S. 225–259.

16 Mallinson, J. 2005: The Emperor of the Sorcerers. Vol. Two. By Budhasvāmin. Ed. & transl. by Sir James Mallinson. New York (Clay Sanskrit Library).

17 PRV = (Jayānaka, Pṛthvīrājavijaya with Jonarāja's Vivaraṇa). Kāśmīrakamahākavi-śrīJayānakaviracitaṃ Pṛthvīrājavijayamahākāvyam. srīLolarāj asutapanḍitabhaṭṭaNonarājātmajasrīJonarājaviracitaVivaranopetam. [Ed. by] Gaurishankar H. Ojha. Ajmer 1940 [repr. 1997].

18 Ps-JRT = (Pseudo-Jonarāja: Rājataraṇgiṇī). In: JRT.

19 RT = (Kalhaṇa, Rājataraṇgiṇī). Rājataraṇgiṇī of Kalhaṇa. Ed., critically, and annotated … by Vishva Bandhu. Pt. 1–2. Hoshiarpur 1963–1965 (Woolner Indological Series 8).

20 Salomon, R. 1987: “Notes on the Translations of Kalhaṇa's Rājataraṇgim (I–IV).” In: Berliner Indologische Studien 3, S. 149–179.

21 Sanderson, A. 2003/2004: “The Śaiva Religion among the Khmers.” Part 1. In: BEFEO 91/92, S. 349–462.

22 Sanderson, A. 2009: “The Śaiva Age.” In: Shingo Einoo (ed.): Genesis and Development of Tantrism. Tokyo (Institute of Oriental Culture Special Series 23), S. 41–349.

23 Schmiedchen, A. 2010/2011: “Religious Patronage and Political Power: The Ambivalent Character of Royal Donations in Sanskrit Epigraphy.” In: Journal of Ancient Indian History 27, S. 154–166.

24 Schmiedchen, A. 2014: Herrschergenealogie und religiöses Patronat. Leiden (Gonda Indological Studies XVII).

25 Schopen, G. 1997: Bones, Stones, and Buddhist Monks. Collected Papers on the Archaeology, Epigraphy, and Texts of Monastic Buddhism in India. Honolulu (Studies in the Buddhist Traditions).

26 Silk, J. A. 2007: “Child abandonment and homes for unwed mothers in ancient India: Buddhist sources.” In: JAOS 127, S. 297–314.

27 Sircar 1953 = Dines Chandra Sircar: “Charter of Vishnushena, Samvat 649.” In: Epigraphia Indica 30 (1953/1954), S. 163–181.

28 ŚKC = (Śrīkaṇṭhacarita). Śrīmaṇkhakakaviviracitaṃ Śrīkaṇṭhacaritam. Jonarājakṛtayā ṭīkayā sametam. Ed. by Paṇḍit Durgāprasād and Kāśīnāth Paṇḍurang Parab. Bombay 1887 (repr. Delhi 1983 [Kāvyamālā. 3]).

29 Skilling, P. 2016: “Ideology and Law: The Three Seals Code on Crimes Related to Relics, Images, and Bodhi-Trees.” In: Buddhism, Law & Society 1 (2015–2016), S. 69–103.

30 Slaje, W. 2005: “Kaschmir im Mittelalter und die Quellen der Geschichtswissenschaft.” In: IIJ 48, 1–2 (2005), S. 1–70.

31 Slaje, W. 2008a: “‘In the Guise of Poetry’—Kalhaṇa Reconsidered.” In: Śāstrārambha. Inquiries into the Preamble in Sanskrit. Ed. by W. Slaje. Preface by E. Gerow. Wiesbaden, S. 207–244 (AKM LXII).

32 Slaje, W. 2008b: “Geschichte schreiben: Vier historiographische Prologe aus Kaschmir.” In: ZDMG 158, S. 317–352.

33 Slaje, W. 2015: Bacchanal im Himmel und andere Proben aus Maṇkha. Wiesbaden (Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz. Kommission für Indologie: Veröffentlichungen der Indologischen Kommission 3).

34 Slaje, W. (forthc.): “Buddhism and Islam in Kashmir. As Represented by Rājataraṇgiṇī Authors.”

35 ŚRT = (Śrīvara, Rājataraṇgiṇī). Rājataraṇgiṇī of Śrīvara and Śuka. Ed., critically, and annotated with text-comparative data from original manuscripts and other available materials by Srikanth Kaul. Hoshiarpur 1966 (Vishveshvaranand Inst. Publ. 398 = Woolner Indological Ser. 8).

36 Stein, M. A. 1900: Kalhaṇa's Rājataraṇgiṇī. A Chronicle of the Kings of Kaśmīr. Transl., with an introd., comm. and app. Vol. 1. 2. Westminster.

37 Stein, M. A. 2013: Illustrated Rājataraṇgiṇī. Together with Eugen Hultzsch's Critical Notes and Stein's Maps. Edited by L. Obrock in collaboration with K. Einicke. Halle (Studia Indologica Universitatis Halensis 6).

38 ŚuRT = (Śuka, Rājataraṇgiṇī), in: ŚRT.

39 Takashima 2005 = Jun Takashima: “Pratiṣṭhā in the Śaiva Āgamas.” In: Einoo 2005, S. 115–142.

40 VC = (Bilhaṇa, Vikramāṇkadevacarita). The Vikramānkadevacharita, a Life of King Vikramāditya-Tribhuvanamalla of Kalyāṇa. Ed. with an introd. by G. Bühler. Bombay 1875.


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