Deconstructing Banzu and Longyamen: The Daoyi zhilüe (1349) in the New Early History of Singapore
Pages 455 - 480
At the core of the present article is a critical survey of the interpretations of
1349) that have helped establish Banzu 班卒 as a precursor of Singapore since the
1990s. Among the conclusions drawn from the original text by modern researchers
are the identifications of Danmaxi 單馬錫 as Temasik on Singapore Island; Longyamen
龍牙門 (Dragon Teeth Strait) as Keppel Harbour or Keppel Strait; and the existence
of a sojourning community of merchants from southern Fujian there. These
assumptions are scrutinized through a close reading of the original text and the
relevant secondary literature. I suggest that the new early history of Singapore
is the result of partial interpretations of the original text published
1 Classical sources
2 Mingshi 明史 1974. Comp. by Zhang Tingyu 張廷玉 et al. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
3 Siku quanshu zongmu 四庫全書總目 1965. Edited by Yongrong 永瑢 et al. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
4 Wang Dayuan 汪大淵 2000. Daoyi zhilüe jiaoshi 島夷誌略校釋. Commentary and annotations by Su Jiqing 蘇繼廎. 2nd edition. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2000.
5 Wenyuange shumu 文淵閣書目 1985. Compiled by Yang Shiqi 楊士奇 et al. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
6 Yuanshi 元史 2005. Compiled by Song Lian 宋濂 et al. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
7 Zhang Xie 張燮 2000. Dong xi yang kao 東西洋考. Revised and annotated by Xie Fang 謝方. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.