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Vox clamantis: Zum 400. Geburtstag Huang Zongxis (1610–1695). Eine kommentierte Übersetzung der Kapitel V–VII des Mingyi daifang lu (Teil I)

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This study provides an annotated translation of chapters V–VII of the Mingyi daifang lu by Huang Zongxi (Part II) and a commentary (Part I). Proceeding synchronically the essay examines Huang's remarks on the traditional education and examination system in Ming China, his criticism of its inherent defects as well as his suggestions for improvement. Concentrating on the educational aspects of the Mingyi daifang lu this text intends to shed light on a topic widely ignored by scholars both Western and Chinese.

In chapter V of the Mingyi daifang lu Huang explores the history and development of schools and academies in imperial and pre-imperial times. Analyzing their constant decline up to his times he describes their former role within Chinese society and politics. He continues to offer means for improvement and the resurrection of schools as being the foundation of the Chinese educational system.

Chapters VI–VII focus on the selection, education, and conduct of affairs of scholar-officials in the imperial administration, both local and central. Huang Zongxi goes to great length and detail in prescribing an alternative curriculum for the examinations emphasizing practical ability and learning over mere formalized scholarship. To avoid corruption and favoritism and to abolish bureaucratic centralization he suggests a variety of criteria for the selection of scholar-officials offering possible ways for entering the civil service different from the traditional examinations and freed of their structural limitations.


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